Rasa theory

For the advanced devotee, the 64 sadhanas are not mechanical ritual acts, but spontaneous expressions of love, the experience of which is to taste the Rasa — Rasa theory pure essence of Love. Leaving aside, the fight is Vyabhikaribhvas.

In this stage, the devotee is said to become a divine participant within the lila of Krishna, and does so by dwelling on the emotional feelings of love exchanged between Krishna and his parents, playmates, and the Gopis.

Corresponding to these mental states are eight Rasas: History[ edit ] The word rasa appears in ancient Vedic literature. This secondary forms of rasa perform a supportive love is characterized as quiet veneration and and adjunctive function in relation to the primary admiration; reverential love is passive and con- rasas.

Rasa theory Rasa It emerges due to Soka grief. The various elements of a performance combine to create a sympathetic response in those who experience them. Most traditional texts on rasa do claim later taken up by Bhoja 11th cent.

Tabula rasa

Sthayi bhava of Rudra is krodha, so its result is bound to be capture or killing, etc. Nirveda disinterestGlani tirednessSanka apprehensionAsuya insecurityMada intoxicationSrama exhaustionAlasya lethargyDainya pityCinta anxietyMoho delusionSmrti recollectionDhrti steadfastnessVrida shameCapalata impulivenessHarsa sudden delightAvega excitementJadata stuporGarva arroganceVisada depressionAutsuka longingNidra sleepApasmara epilepsySupta dreamingVibodha awakeningAmarsa retstrained angerAvahittha deceptionUgrata ferociousnessMati analysisVyadhi sicknessUnmada temporary insanityMarana deathTrasa panic and Vitarka argumentiveness.

It is of two kinds: But this method does not apply to Rasa theory other Rasa-s. The expressions used in Kudiyattam or Kathakali are extremely exaggerated theatrical expressions. At certain times, they may be fully activated — we recall the memories and re-experience to varying degrees the emotions associated with them.

In addition, the Rasa theory may be seen also from audience point of view. Sthaibhavas constitute the principal theme of a composition.

Rudra Rasa Anger, rape, abuse, insult, threatening, jealousy etc ate Alambana Vhibhavas. The text states that the aim of art is manifold. Features of Rasa Theory Indian Aesthetics Rasa theory means aesthetics, juice, essence, taste in performance. The person in whose mind Sthaibhavas run is known as Allambana Vibhavas.

It is the Bhagavata that gave the great impetus to the study of Bhakti from an increasingly aesthetic point of view. Rasa aesthetics Raudram rasa of the destructive fury of goddess Durga in Bharatanatyam The theory of rasas still forms the aesthetic underpinning of all Indian classical dance and theatre, such as BharatanatyamkathakKuchipudiOdissiManipuriKudiyattamKathakali and others.

Rasas in Indian Aesthetics Theory of Rasa 1. Thus every devotee regardless of background, caste etc. Sthayi bhava of Rudra is krodha, so its result is bound to be capture or killing, etc.

A Study of into rasa of the highest order. Similarly, the action of Vira may be instrumental in evoking Adbhuta. Abhinavagupta likens it to the string of a jeweled necklace; while it may not be the most appealing for most people, it is the string that gives form to the necklace, allowing the jewels of the other eight rasas to be relished.

The text lists eight rasas: The Aura of a frightened person is black, and the aura of an angry person is red. The representational element can be a visual image or a propositional fact, the emotional element is a re-experiencing of the original feeling.

Alambana, the personal or human object and substratum, and Uddipana, the excitants. Srngara, Vira, Rudra, and Bibhatsa. I might reflect on the sudden surge of sadness and recall a prior experience of sadness in that place, but what is important here is that the representational content of the memory was — initially — not present.

The first is that of Vaidhi-Bhakti, in which the devotee purifies his feelings using the aforementioned practices. Moreover, a member of the audience who has cultivated his or her own aesthetic response may experience a transformation of their own emotion into a purely aesthetic, transcendental feeling — an experience of divine bliss.The theory of rasas still forms the aesthetic underpinning of all Indian classical dance and theatre, such as Bharatanatyam, kathak, Kuchipudi, Odissi, Manipuri, Kudiyattam, Kathakali and others.

Expressing Rasa in classical Indian dance form is referred to as calgaryrefugeehealth.com Nātyasāstra carefully delineates the bhavas used to create each. Rasa theory blossoms beginning with the Sanskrit text Nātyashāstra (nātya meaning "drama" andshāstra meaning "science of"), a work attributed to Bharata Muni where the Gods declare that drama is the 'Fifth Veda' because it is suitable for the degenerate age as the best form of religious instruction.

Literary Theory In this article we will discuss Rasa Theory in Indian Aesthetics by Bharatmuni in his work Natyashastra and later on reviewed by Abhinavagupta.

Rasa means aesthetics, juice, essence, taste in performance. The realization of Rasa is the result of the union of Sthaibhavas, Vibhavas, Anubhavas and Vyabhikaribhavas.


Rasa theory not only tries to present an adequate answer to the puzzle above, but has implications for lots of different issues across philosophy of art – including theories of acting and theater, the audience and taste, and the aim of art.

Rasa and Bhakti. The fusion of Rasa theory and Bhakti is widely attributed to Rupa Gosvami, a disciple of Caitanya, who is credited with two key texts examining emotional devotion – the Bhaktirasamrtasindhu (“River of the Immortal Nectar of.

Rasa Theory The word rasa within the Hindu context, specifi- of the earliest Upaniṣads, the specific instance cally for certain devotional bhakti traditions, has within which the word appears in the come to refer to the ultimate experience of a tran- Taittirīyopaniṣad had taken on significance for scendent and perfect love.

Rasa theory
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